Sep 222013
 

Note: development, not design

In lieu of the less-than-optimal turnout Monday (breakin my heart y’all), we’ll be discussing the same set of readings plus an optional interview with Father of Green Chemistry, Paul Anastas: http://e360.yale.edu/feature/taking_green_ch emistry_out_of_the_lab_and_into_products/2528/

From last week By popular demand, the Discussion Club will meet Mondays at 8:30, in Benedum 341 (Mascaro Annex). Our extended set of primary readings will revolve around different approaches to and facets of sustainable design.

Dispelling myths — how (if at all) synonymous is “green” with sustainable? Issues with the word: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greenwashing or if you’re feeling extra-ambitious (optional): http://sinsofgreenwashing.org/index35c6.pdf

A short primer on trade-offs and embodied/operating energies: http://www.ted.com/talks/catherine_mohr_builds_green.html

Cradle to Cradle design: http://makeitright.org/c2c/

The 12 Principles of Green Chemistry: http://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/greenchemistry/about/principles/12-principles-of-green-chemistry.html

What we stand to learn from nature: (shorter) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s2nFZ4bO1eI&feature=player_embedded;                                                                                                      (longer, digging the jacket) http://www.ted.com/talks/janine_benyus_biomimicry_in_action.html

Aug 212013
 

Conference logo

Exciting news! This fall, ESW-Pitt will be hosting a regional conference for the ESW network, which will bring together students and professionals from PA, NY, OH, and WV for two days of enlightening discussion, sharing of projects and practices, and training on implementing sustainability. The underlying context will be the shared Great Lakes and Rust Belt regions, with their aging infrastructure and a need to rennovate cities and networks for a more sustainable world.

Featuring regional speakers and a wide variety of session formats – from plenary speakers to small group discussions and trainings – this event will be invaluable for anyone working to implement technical sustainability in the region. The conference is open to all, regardless of ESW membership (there will be a session on starting a chapter), and registration will open in late August.

For more information or to help make the conference happen, visit the Conference Website or contact conference chair Matt Weschler at mk.weschler@googlemail.com.

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May 242013
 

http://www.aeonmagazine.com/nature-and-cosmos/john-lemons-national-parks-decline/

Curious and up for debate – balancing wilderness and access to nature.

Apr 122013
 

Well folks, we’ve hit 6 (and PittEnvironmental has blogged about 4 of them). This morning, we’ll hear from the founding dean of Chatham’s School of Sustainability, and a Pitt panel on green initiatives around the university. Throughout this article, the term ‘susty’ is used in place of ‘sustainability’.

9:15 In opening remarks, Ward highlighted the lack of comprehensive education around climate change, but also mentioned the UHC’s new program to bring more climate change speakers to the campus in an effort to give all students such a background. The first of those events is next week’s Joe Romm lecture on the 17th.

Keynote: David Hassenzahl

Wants to talk about sustainability in the two places that he’s worked – UNLV and Chatham. Emphasized that it’s easy to get discouraged, but that as long as day-to-day actions are moving us forward, we should not do that.

Susty as an organizing principle:

  • Chicago School: ‘Everything is by definition sustainable, because of resource replacement and economics’
  • ‘An awkward and ugly word’, ‘Susty is a technical requirement, not an aspiration’ 
  • Standard triple bottom line variants.
  • Not impeding future generation (Brundtland, seven generations out)
  • Different aspects: facilities, academics, campus life, community. All require focus at a university.
  • Four principles:
    • Process, not endpoints (‘Don’t get caught up in goals or measurements’)
    • Needs to be preferred to status quo for success (‘How does what you’re doing make lives better?’)
    • Systems perspective
    • Appropriate knowledge (rather than multi- or trans- disciplinary)

9:32 Assessment:

  • Without measurement, importance and quality and progress are lost
  • Assessment systems (STARS) can push us to do specific things that may or may not move us towards sustainability
  • In contrast, systems like the Living Building Challenge emphasize endpoints rather than specific methods
  • Certifications are nice, but tradeoffs require analysis and thought
  • Mention of SWPA Susty Business Compact

 

9:36 Las Vegas as a Susty Everytown (argument that LV faces the same issues as many other places)

It will take a long time to cycle through infrastructure – 10 years for cars, longer for buildings. We don’t often think about suburban LV, but it is often full of cinder block walls. Like other places, developments are built not for walking between houses, but for driving, and with houses facing away from the street and towards the backyard. How do we plan communities that inhibit or encourage interactions?

9:40 Exponential population growth, but we’re building infrastructure designed to discourage people from forming actual communities, or doing anything but drive. (IMO, Phoenix is still more ridiculous). Terrain is flat in the valley, but surrounded by mountains. Back in the 1970′s, started having runoff from higher residential exterior water use, creating wetlands in the desert. By 2008, the LV Wash runs 365 days a year with heavy flow. He uses the phrase ‘Suburban Drool’, which is not his, but is excellent. Year round wetlands in the desert (in neighborhoods as well as the wash) is a wacky concept.

9:49 With all that standing water, mosquitoes are now endemic to LV – new ecosystems, and new diseases. Swimming pools are a problem as well, particularly with the housing downturn. This comes back to the idea of systems thinking and unintended consequences.

Lawns are decreasing, but those that remain still use a lot of fertilizers and herbicides. There is also lots of dog waste. Because rainfall is short and intense, all of that washes into Lake Mead right above where freshwater intakes are. This all requires more energy to clean up drinking water for consumption (Systems again).

Schools generally have kids driven to school, then playing ‘on a blacktop, with still air, surrounded by 10 ft walls, with lots of vans idling’ (the respiratory emissions are awful). Emphasized difference between driving and walking to school – totally different interactions with built environment, but the environment isn’t the final determining factor. He came back to health and the environment, and noting obesity, diabetes, and pollution as well as disconnection, and that quality of life is higher (though how do we measure that?).

9:53 Shift towards the ‘we can do things better’ part of the presentation (which I’m not going to write about as much). Notes the ‘green line’ for wine that loosely follows the Mississippi.

9:59 On to Chatham: have a master plan for the Eden Hall Campus for 1200 students with net-zero all sorts of things (we could question net-zero, but it’s a reasonable goal). The campus is at the top of two watersheds, and so has impacts on everyone below them (though is eventually diluted, and with negligible impacts the next town down will be a bigger impact. Susty on rivers is a problem of agriculture and towns, not net-zero campuses.)

First phase will focus on food and energy, aiming for initial set of buildings by October. Aiming for 70% lower energy use, to enable 100% renewable energy. Putting heat pumps in everything (expensive but good – is it maintainable?). All buildings will be LEED Platinum, with full time monitoring (maintenance?). Questioning whether to grow all the food or trade with local farmers.

10:02 Overall Chatham susty efforts – STARS Gold, all the rest of the standard awards, USNWR set of 4 schools going beyond normal efforts.

Conclusions – susty is a process, and needs to be where you are. Campuses need to be living labs to try things out. Think about appropriate knowledge to collect, and how to influence peers, and what behaviors to adopt now (those will be around in 20-30 years). Finally, town-gown relations can help impact susty.

 

 

Panel Discussion

Participants:

  • Susanna Leers, Head of the PUPC of the University Senate. 
  • Dan Marcinko, Univ. Susty Coordinator (head of FM’s team)
  • Kit Ayars, CSSD
  • Pat Heffley, Upper-campus housing building manager
  • Susan Fukushima, Sodexho manager on campus

Head of PUPC discussed the dissolution of the SuSC, and the [slow] work on a replacement – and that many susty-oriented practices are now common place.

10:15 Mr. Marcinko notes that many things are happening, highlighting building efforts. Five LEED certification projects ongoing, with Chevron and BST3 12th floor recently finished. Looking at the branch campuses as well – Greensberg and Johnstown. Nordenberg Hall (the new dorm) is currently tracking Silver. Looking at other points, but thinking about whether those points are sensible places to spend money (not necessarily cost-wise, it seems). Emphasis on water efficiency (silly for this region, but w/e). New website section for FM with more usability and weekly updates. New carbon emissions inventory coming out soon, shout-out to MCSI. Sustainability report in progress, release in fall.

10:21 Ms. Ayars emphasized that people really do care. CSSD focuses on power, paper waste, and partnerships with others (they are limited in direct impacts). Working on virtualization of servers to reduce power usage in network ops center – significant reductions. Lab computers power down after 30 mins. A lot of efforts around paper weren’t possible 3 years ago – self service, software distribution, etc. Much of this has been student-pushed, and several million sheets have been saved this school year. 30000 discs saved from downloading software rather than getting disc. Sidenote: The plastic bags for printing pickup are 100% recyclable, and purchased from a manufacturer that uses renewable energy. Overall printing is down. Reasons here would be interesting – I’d guess that tablets and phones are related. Lots of work with the GFAB. The Susty Handbook was part of the orientation USB key.  Welcomes new partnerships – call the helpdesk.

10:28 Mr. Heffley discussed his history with HM as the lead person for susty efforts in housing. Started with trashroom bins, then worked on motion sensors throughout dorms. Hydration station in Sutherland, working on Panther and PA, already in Nordenberg (though not accessible yet). Did lighting retrofits in Sutherland and Forbes, saving $40,000 per year (40-50% more efficient). Next big project is the entrance area for Sutherland Hall (with a mention of permanent exterior recycling bins!).

10:34 Ms. Fukushima emphasized Sodexho’s overarching plan. Wants to work on reducing water use, local/seasonal products, and social responsibility (fair trade and sensibly grown products). Follow Monterrey Bay Aquarium seafood system. Use energy-efficient equipment. Participates in Global Susty Supply Chain Code of Conduct – a nice thing to see for its long-ranging impacts. Recently signed agreement with Real Food Challenge, which is a goal of 20% from locally grown sustainable food. Here at Pitt, partnerships have worked well. Cardboard is recycled, grease is used for biodiesel. Trayless dining has reduced a lot of impacts.

Question: Biggest accomplishment and biggest challenge

Mr. Marcinko: Building Automation System, for both control and metering. Challenge is in utilizing the dollars that we have wisely.

Ms. Ayars: Dislikes picking favorites, but notes that cleaning chemicals for labs are now green (she has chemical sensitivities, so this matters a lot). Challenge is in balancing needs and wants.

Mr. Heffley: Agrees with Mr. Marcinko on the Automated Building System. More for HM, recycling mattresses is a big deal. Company can teardown and recycle/reuse mattresses, or Sutherland’s were taken to Jamaica (was this a useful point of aid?). Challenges focus around the demand from students and the time it takes to actually install things.

Question: What is top-down support for susty like?

Ms. Leers: Admin is supportive, but cites the traditional need for a ‘loyal opposition’ from faculty and staff.

Question: How do you communicate with students about efforts?

Mr. Marcinko: Increased website use for documentation, and the idea of producing a susty report.

In conclusion, Mr. Marcinko also presented initial results from REcyclemania, 33rd in Grand Challenge, 11/357 in Gorilla, 64/355 per-capita (3rd BE), 50% waste utilization 18/158 paper, 27/165 cardboard (both 1st BE). Notes that hydration stations were a student effort that are now part of building standards.

 

Break for booths and snacks – thanks for reading through all of this discussion!

 

Apr 032013
 

T/H, 9:30am-10:45am

One key course missing from the recent Fall 2013 sustainability course list was ENGR 1060, Engineering for Humanity, which was developed by Dr. Bhavna Sharma and piloted in the Fall of 2012. This course, I am pleased to announce, will be continuing this Fall and taught by [Dr.-to-be] Alexander Dale.

The course will retain its format of discussing engineering as one part of a broader set of sustainability issues, and its multidisciplinary projects. The central focus will, however, shift from social entrepreneurship and product design to complex and wicked problems, with social entrepreneurship as a key model. It will be tied in with ESW-National’s Wicked Problems in Sustainable Engineering initiative – case study to be determined.

The course is still in the catalog (T/H, 9:30-10:45am), and will cover some large scale important topics, allow direct engagement with local issues, and generate some external engagement with professionals and other schools! If this sounds interesting, you should register today!

Mar 262013
 

The joint Pitt and CMU Engineering Sustainability conference will be here in just two weeks – and has some phenomenal speakers and material lined up. To highlight two in particular: the conference keynote is Worldchanging.org founder Alex Steffan, and the closing panel will be focusing on “The Case for a Regional Energy Strategy and Plan”. You can view the entire program here, and register here.

This post is a call, in particular, to students. Attendance is inexpensive (and there may be discounts possible for Pitt student groups!), and you can gain a huge amount of knowledge and exposure to real-world sustainability. There are events all day Monday and Tuesday (easily reached by bus), and professors are likely to be sympathetic to missing class to attend events like this. Bonus: The closing panel is free!

As with the four previous ES conferences, ES13 will bring together engineers and scientists from academia, government, industry, and nonprofits to share results of cutting-edge research and practice directed at development of environmentally sustainable buildings and infrastructure. Given the substantial problems that face 21st century infrastructure, this conference aims to highlight recent advances in technologies that can support a more sustainable future.

You can register here, and I hope to see you there!

Mar 252013
 

SUSTAINSinfoslide2013

It’s that time of the semester again – time for course registration (and for the first time, I don’t have to do so!). Here are some suggested courses with some serious sustainability chops:

  • New this fall! Any of CS 1950, CEE 1996, ENVSTD 1499, or IL 2098. If you are in a science, technology, engineering, or math (STEM) major, and want to help teach k-12 students about sustainability, you can now get 1-3 credits for doing so! The SUSTAINS (Students Teaching Adolescents Innovation and Sustainability) program is a collaboration between several Pitt departments, and offers the ability to work with local schools and organizations to help teach the next generation of STEM majors. You can learn more about the program in general here
  • CEE 1210/2210 – Engineering and Sustainable Development. If you want one overarching course that touches on all technical parts of sustainability, this is it. The course covers climate change, energy, water, food, urban planning, and more esoteric things like critical materials and the water-energy nexus, and is an excellent choice for anyone interested in the subject.
  • CEE 1209 – Intro to Life-Cycle Assessment. More for engineers, LCA is a phenomenal sustainability tool to have in your kit, and this class is a great introduction – Pitt is one of the leaders in undergrad education in this field.
  • GEOL 1332 – Management of Environmental and Non-profit Organizations. For anyone who wants to go into the NGO or activist side of sustainability, this class will teach you how to deal with all the administrative tasks that you won’t realize are critical until they’ve buried you. It will also introduce you to a great network of Pgh non-profits that you can use for future volunteering or beyond!
Feb 212013
 

There will be no discussion group tonight because I (Alex) will be attending a seed starting event (gotta grow things!). In that vein, however, you should read Tomorrow’s Table, particularly the ‘tools’ chapters and the ‘who owns the’ chapters. For next week (Feb. 28th) come expecting to discuss some of the following questions:

1. What role do organic farming and/or genetic engineering have to play in our food future?

2. How should we change policies around either of these two technologies if we want to promote sustainability (see Box P.3 in the book)?

3. How do we talk about these subjects if people haven’t already read this or similar books?

Feb 062013
 

Alternative to GDP?

After a miss last week (I was at a conference), we’re back on this week (Thursday, 6pm, Benedum 341). What are we discussing? How we measure success as a country or city.

Why is this important? Because it forms part of the central narrative of our civilization – we want to know that things are improving, and we base the decision on a specific set of metrics. This standardly includes GDP, and might also have unemployment, energy intensity per unit of GDP, or the trade deficit/surplus (related to GDP). But GDP is a pretty unscrupulous indicator – a charity buying $5M in baby food for impoverished families has the same effect as $5M of damage from a tornado. And it may not capture all or any of what we might want to consider ‘success’ in a sustainable world. So – let’s talk about that.

This is one part macroeconomics, one part social sciences, and one part wonky metrics. Reading is relatively light – have a look at this Time article on GDP as a poor indicator and the two major indices mentioned in it, the UN’s Human Development Index (HDI), and the Happy Planet Index (HPI – this will almost certainly become confusing). Then think about what metrics you think actually matter, and bring those to the discussion with you. It should be a fun time!

Feb 052013
 

MCSI_Logo_Small

The Mascaro Center for Sustainable Innovation is looking for an undergraduate student to work in our office in Benedum Hall.  The student will report to the Center’s office manager and will assist with clerical and business tasks.  Tasks will include, but not be limited to, database updates, mailings, proofreading of documents, greeting visitors and the development and distribution of Center marketing materials.  The ideal candidate will have a personal interest in sustainability and be motivated to participate in MCSI activities, as well as the development and implementation of student led programs and campus initiatives. The student will be asked to represent MCSI at various environmental student group meetings.  MCSI would welcome candidates who could be with us over a 2-3 year period.
Payrate: $8.15/hr
Positions Available: 1
Hours: ~10-15 hours per week
Days: Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday (specific hours are negotiable)

For more information, contact Gena Kovalcik at gmk9@pitt.edu.